Fennel and what you might not know about it

Fennel tea certainly needs no introduction, is an excellent tool almost every new mother .. But what are the other, less-known effects on our body?

Fennel belongs to the same family with cumin, anise, dill, coriander, celery, parsley, lovage, chervil, ie the group of plants that have widespread use in the kitchen and in folk medicine. The first records of the use of this herb for healing and culinary dates back from the time of antiquity, it was used in ancient China, India, the Orient and the Mediterranean region.

Fennel plant grows to a height of 2 m. We can utilize the whole, ripe fruit, leaves, aboveground part and root řapíkatou.'s Most common use of fennel seeds. Fennel seeds are shaped like cumin, but they are usually larger and after maturation and drying have a light brown color. The seeds are many beneficial substances to humans, contain essential oils, essential oils, sugar, trace elements and vitamins. The use of seeds in the form of infusion or decoction has many positive effects on our body:

Fennel for digestion
Because substances in fennel seeds relaxes the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract, helping to release spasms in the stomach and intestine and improve departure detainees gases from the body. These significant effects certainly uses many a mom with small branches, it is one of the easiest and most enjoyable ways to help with flatulence. Fennel tea has a pleasant sweet taste, which can withstand even a small child and the effect appears after a very short time. This applies to all age groups, in the case of "bloated belly" fennel is a great help for everyone.
The digestive tract has fennel overall positive effect. It is also effective for minor indigestion, cramping or stomach acidity. In the Middle Ages ladies apparently saw fennel tea or chewing the seeds as a prevention against obesity because they evoke a feeling of fullness, thereby reducing appetite. The digestive tract but also acts fennel slightly antiseptic, it can therefore be used for minor stomach and intestinal catarrh.

Fennel colds
Less known are very beneficial effects on the airways fennel. It helps to clean the airway mucosa and improves expectoration, which we very well with colds, flu or tonsillitis. It can be used alone, but it is also suitable in herbal blends for colds, for example, combined with linden flowers, elderberry flower, nettle and mullein. Thanks to a powerful disinfectant effects decoction of the seeds is used as a gargle for sore throat.

Other effects of fennel seeds
Substances in the seeds has a slightly diuretic, helping with drainage and cleaning of the organism. They also have a beneficial effect on liver and kidney, cleans them, and thus improve performance. In folk medicine, the tea from the seeds is used to increase the production of breast milk and can cause delayed menstruation. Previously, the infusion of fennel also was used as a mouthwash for improving the state of the gums and fresh breath. To this end, apparently even our ancestors chewed the whole seed, as we today give chewing gum.

External use fennel in medicine
An infusion of fennel seeds is mainly used for eye irrigation and tiling eye inflammation, manifested by redness and burning eyeballs.


Fennel in the kitchen
Petiole fennel is popular in many countries as a culinary delicacy. For us its modification in the kitchen does not have such a great tradition, it does not prevent us, however, to be inspired. We can buy it in stores vegetables or better in larger grocery stores. It is used either raw, sliced ​​in salads. After dismantling the petiole on the beds we incur a "bowl" that we can meet to taste and scallop in many ways.
The leaves have a strong anise flavor and can be added such as pickled vegetables instead of dill, sauces and spreads. In southern Europe, these aromatic leaves are added as a condiment with roast and grilled fish and other meat dishes.
Use fennel seeds but also has a long tradition in liqueur making, are an integral part of many herbal production of alcoholic beverages, such as some absinthe liqueurs and stomach.

Recipe for Tea / infusion: 2 teaspoons of seeds (preferably podrcených) pour a cup of boiling water and let stand for 10-15 minutes, drain (you can drink up to 3 times a day)

Recipe for infusion: 2 tablespoons to 0.5 liters of water, simmer 15 minutes, drain (after drink cups during the day)
- Decoction has a stronger effect than the enema, is particularly suitable for thorough cleansing respiratory colds


[2006-11-15]
The author Fennel and what you might not know about it: Michaela Vorlová